Home / Tips & Advice / Nail Care / Subungual Hematoma: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Subungual Hematoma: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Subungual Hematoma: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Subungual hematoma, or a bruise under the nail, is a common condition characterised by bleeding beneath the nail bed. In this blog post, we will delve into the details of subungual hematoma, exploring its causes, effective prevention strategies, and various treatment options. Understanding Subungual Hematoma Subungual hematoma occurs when blood accumulates beneath the nail, leading to discolouration and pain. Recognisable symptoms include a dark red or purple discolouration of the affected nail, throbbing pain, and possible swelling in the surrounding area. This condition arises from damage to the blood vessels beneath the nail, resulting in bleeding that becomes trapped between the nail plate and the nail bed. Causes of Subungual Hematoma Trauma or Nail Injuries: Accidental impacts, such as hitting the nail with a hammer or slamming it in a door, can cause nail trauma. Finger Crushing or Pinching Accidents: The compression of a heavy object onto the finger can cause injury to the nail. Repeated Pressure or Friction on the Nail: Engaging in activities that involve repetitive pressure on the fingertips or wearing tight footwear can contribute to subungual hematoma. Preventing Subungual Hematoma Implementing preventive measures can help reduce the risk of subungual hematoma: Protect Your Hands and Fingers: Wear gloves during activities that pose a risk of injury and use appropriate protective gear. Practice Proper Nail Care: Regularly file your nails and avoid biting or picking at them, which can weaken the nail bed. For those struggling with nail-biting, Herome’s Bye Bite is specially designed to prevent nail biting and help break this habit. Choose Appropriate Footwear: Opt for well-fitting shoes that provide ample room for your toes, preventing excessive pressure on the nails. Treatment for Subungual Hematoma When it comes to managing subungual hematoma, there are various treatment options available: Home Remedies and Self-Care: Applying cold compresses, elevating the hand to minimize swelling, and using over-the-counter pain relievers can help alleviate discomfort. Medical Interventions: In severe cases, a healthcare professional may drain the accumulated blood to relieve pressure and pain. Surgical nail removal or laser treatment can be considered for cases where pain persists or nail deformity occurs. Seeking Professional Help for Subungual Hematoma If you experience severe or worsening pain or notice signs of infection, it is essential to consult a healthcare provider promptly. They can provide a proper evaluation and recommend the most suitable treatment plan for your situation. By understanding the causes, implementing preventive strategies, and knowing the available treatment options, individuals can effectively manage subungual hematoma and promote a smoother healing process. Supplement your nail care routine with Herome Cosmetics’ nail hardeners or cuticle oil for stronger and healthier nails. By taking proper care of nails and seeking medical assistance when necessary, the impact of subungual hematomas on daily life can be minimised. Remember, your nail health matters, so stay informed and take proactive steps towards prevention and treatment.